Introduction -- Ideological conflicts in modern China / Ji Wenshun -- The debates in contemporary Chinese political thought / Zhou Lian -- All-under-heaven and methodological relationism: an old story and new world peace / Zhao Tingyang -- Debating the Chinese theory of international relations / Zhang Feng -- Contemporary new Confucianism: its background, varieties, and significance / Liu Shuxian -- Modernity and Confucian political philosophy in a globalized world / Cheng Ming -- Four models of the relationship between Confucianism and democracy / He Baogang -- Confucianism and democracy: water and fire? water and oil? or water and fish? / Ni Peinim -- The dialectic of the Chinese revolution revisited: desublimation and resublimation in post-Mao China / Ci Jiwei -- China's future: suggestions from petty bourgeois socialist theories and some Chinese practices / Cui Zhiyuan -- Taking the China model seriously: one-party constitutionalism and economic development / Frank Fang -- Why is state effectiveness essential for democracy? / Wang Shaoguang -- The legitimacy of proletarian political practice: on Marxist political philosophy / Cheng Guangyun.