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Title Guidelines for Evaluating Process Plant Buildings for External Explosions, Fires, and Toxic Releases.
Imprint Chicester : Wiley, 2012.


 Internet  Electronic Book    AVAILABLE
Description 1 online resource (232 pages)
Note 5.5 Occupant Vulnerability to Explosion Hazards.
Available only to authorized UTEP users.
Print version record.
Subject Chemical plants -- Fires and fire prevention.
Chemical plants -- Risk assessment.
Contents GUIDELINES FOR EVALUATING PROCESS PLANT BUILDINGS FOR EXTERNAL EXPLOSIONS, FIRES, AND TOXIC RELEASES, Second Edition; CONTENTS; List of Figures; List of Tables; Acknowledgements; Glossary; 1 INTRODUCTION; 1.1 Objective; 1.2 Building Siting Evaluation Process; 1.3 Selection of Approach; 1.4 Background; 1.4.1 Flixborough, UK: Vapor Cloud Explosion in Chemical Plant; 1.5 Phillips, Pasadena, Texas USA: Propylene HDPE Unit VCE and BLEVEs; 1.5.1 BP, Texas City, Texas USA: Discharge from Atmospheric Vent Resulting in a VCE; 1.5.2 Hickson & Welch Ltd, Castleford, UK: Jet Fire.
1.6 Evolution of Design and Siting Practices for Buildings in Process Plants1.6.1 Brief History of Building Designs; 1.6.2 Standards for Building and Equipment Siting and Separation; 1.6.3 Standards and Criteria for Building Design, and the Need for Site-Specific Evaluation; 1.7 Organization of the Book; 2 MANAGEMENT OVERVIEW; 2.1 Process Overview; 2.1.1 Explosion, Fire and Toxic Release Phenomena; 2.1.2 Statement of the Problem; 2.1.3 Analysis Approach Selection; 2.1.4 Steps in the Process; 2.2 Management Responsibilities under API RP-752 and API RP-753.
2.2.1 Meeting Expectations -- Management's Role in the Process2.2.2 Maintaining the Process; 3 DETERMINING THE SCOPE OF THE BUILDING SITING EVALUATION; 3.1 Introduction; 3.2 Buildings Considered; 3.2.1 Buildings Intended for Occupancy; 3.2.2 Buildings That May be Excluded from the Siting Study; 3.2.3 Buildings Evaluated on a Case-by-Case Basis; 3.3 Scenario Selection; 3.3.1 Consequence-based Scenario Selection; 3.3.2 Risk-based Scenario Selection; 3.3.3 Explosion Scenarios; 3.3.4 Fire Scenarios; 3.3.5 Toxic Scenarios; 4 BUILDING SITING EVALUATION CRITERIA; 4.1 Introduction.
4.2 Occupant Vulnerability4.3 Criteria for Existing Buildings Exposed to Explosion Hazards; 4.3.1 Building Exposure Criteria for Explosion; 4.3.2 Building Consequence (Damage) Criteria; 4.4 Criteria for Fires; 4.4.1 Spacing Table Approach; 4.4.2 Building Exposure Criteria for Fire; 4.4.3 Fire Criteria Based on Occupant Vulnerability; 4.4.4 Smoke; 4.5 Criteria for Toxic Exposures; 4.5.1 Criteria Based on Presence of a Toxic Cloud; 4.5.2 Toxic Criteria Based on Occupant Exposure; 4.6 Criteria for Building Upgrades and New Buildings; 4.7 Risk Criteria; 4.7.1 Use of Individual Risk Measures.
4.7.2 Use of Societal and Aggregate Risk Measures5 EXPLOSION HAZARDS; 5.1 Introduction; 5.2 Select Explosion Approach; 5.2.1 Evaluation of Existing Buildings; 5.2.2 Siting and Design of New Buildings; 5.3 Modeling and Quantifying and Explosion Hazards; 5.3.1 Vapor Cloud Explosions (VCEs); 5.3.2 Pressure Vessel Burst; 5.3.3 Boiling Liquid Expanding Vapor Explosions (BLEVEs); 5.3.4 Condensed Phase Explosions; 5.4 Building Response to Explosion Hazards; 5.4.1 General; 5.4.2 Building Damage Levels (BDLs); 5.4.3 Component Damage Levels; 5.4.4 Detailed Analysis; 5.4.5 Identifying Limiting Factors.
Summary Siting of permanent and temporary buildings in process areas requires careful consideration of potential effects of explosions and fires arising from accidental release of flammable materials. This book, which updates the 1996 edition, provides a single-source reference that explains the American Petroleum Institute (API) permanent (752) and temporary (753) building recommended practices and details how to implement them. New coverage on toxicity and updated standards are also highlighted. Practical and easy-to-use, this reliable guide is a must-have for implementing safe building practices.