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Title Tunnel fire dynamics / Haukur Ingason, Ying Zhen Li, Anders Lönnermark.
Imprint New York : Springer, [2014]


 Internet  Electronic Book    AVAILABLE
Description 1 online resource (xv, 504 pages) : illustrations (some color)
Bibliog. Includes bibliographical references.
Note Available only to authorized UTEP users.
Online resource; title from PDF title page (SpringerLink, viewed December 30, 2014).
Subject Tunnels -- Fires and fire prevention.
civiele techniek
civil engineering
quality controls
Engineering (General)
Techniek (algemeen)
Genre Electronic books.
Contents Preface; Acknowledgement; Contents; Chapter-1; Introduction; 1.1 Introduction; 1.2 Characteristics of Tunnel Fires; 1.3 Mitigation Systems in Tunnels; 1.4 Incidents in Tunnel; 1.4.1 Fires in Road Tunnels; 1.4.2 Fires in Rail Tunnels; 1.4.3 Fires in Metro Tunnels; 1.5 Summary; References; Chpater-2; Fuel and Ventilation Controlled Fires; 2.1 Introduction; 2.2 Fire Development in Building Fires; 2.3 Fire Development in Tunnel Fires; 2.4 Fuel or Ventilation Control in a Compartment Fire; 2.5 Fuel or Ventilation Control in a Tunnel with Longitudinal Flow; 2.5.1 Fuel Control.
2.5.2 Ventilation Control2.5.3 Determination of Combustion Mode; 2.6 Effects of Vitiation on the Combustion Process; 2.7 Summary; References; Chapter-3; Tunnel Fire Tests; 3.1 Introduction; 3.2 Overview of Large-Scale Tunnel Experiments; 3.3 Large-Scale Tunnel Fire Tests; 3.3.1 Ofenegg 1965; 3.3.2 Glasgow 1970; 3.3.3 The West Meon Tests in Early 1970s; 3.3.4 Zwenberg 1975; 3.3.5 P.W.R.I 1980; 3.3.6 TUB-VTT Tests 1986; 3.3.7 EUREKA EU499 Tests 1990-1992; 3.3.8 Memorial Tunnel Tests 1993-1995; 3.3.9 Shimizu No. 3 2001; 3.3.10 2nd Benelux Tests 2002; 3.3.11 Runehamar 2003.
3.3.12 METRO Tests 20113.3.13 Carleton University Laboratory Train Tests 2011; 3.3.14 Singapore Tests 2011; 3.3.15 Runehamar Test 2013; 3.4 Model Scale Fire Tests; 3.4.1 The TNO Tests; 3.4.2 Automatic Water Spray System Tests; 3.4.3 Longitudinal Ventilation Tests; 3.4.4 Point Extraction Ventilation Tests; 3.4.5 Tunnel Cross-Section Tests; 3.5 Summary; References; Chapter-4; Heat Release Rates in Tunnels; 4.1 Introduction; 4.2 Measured HRR in Different Vehicles; 4.2.1 Road Vehicles; Passenger Cars; Buses; Heavy Goods Vehicles; Tanker Fires. Pool Fires (Liquid) Construction Vehicles; Rubber Tyres; 4.2.2 Railway Rolling Stock; 4.3 Parameters Influencing the HRR; 4.3.1 Heat Feedback; 4.3.2 Effects of Tunnel Geometry; 4.3.3 Effects of Ventilation on Peak HRR; 4.3.4 Fuel-Controlled Fires; 4.3.5 Ventilation-Controlled Fires; 4.4 HRR per Exposed Fuel Surface Area; 4.4.1 Liquids; 4.4.2 Solid Materials; 4.4.3 Vehicle Fires; 4.5 Summary; References; Chapter-5; Fire Growth Rates in Tunnels; 5.1 Introduction; 5.2 Theory of Fire Growth Rate; 5.2.1 Opposed Flow Spread (Upstream); 5.2.2 Wind-Aided Spread (Downstream).
5.2.3 Relationship Between FGR and Flame Spread Rate5.2.4 Fuels Consisting of Several Parts; 5.3 Correlations for Fire Growth Rate; 5.3.1 Comparison with Model Scale Tests; 5.3.2 Comparison with Full Scale Tests; 5.4 The Effects of Windbreaks on Fire Growth Rates; 5.5 Summary; References; Chapter-6; Design Fire Curves; 6.1 Introduction; 6.2 Design Fire Methods; 6.2.1 Constant Values for Design Fires; 6.2.2 Time Dependent Methods for Design Fires; 6.3 Exponential Design Fire Curve Method with Superposition; 6.3.1 Determination of Design Fire Scenarios; 6.3.2 Maximum Heat Release Rate.
Summary This book covers a wide range of issues in fire safety engineering in tunnels, describes the phenomena related to tunnel fire dynamics, presents state-of-the-art research, and gives detailed solutions to these major issues. Examples for calculations are provided. The aim is to significantly improve the understanding of fire safety engineering in tunnels. Chapters on fuel and ventilation control, combustion products, gas temperatures, heat fluxes, smoke stratification, visibility, tenability, design fire curves, heat release, fire suppression and detection, CFD modeling, and scaling techniques.
Other Author Li, Ying Zhen, author.
Lönnermark, Anders, author.
Other Title Print version: Ingason, Haukur. Tunnel Fire Dynamics. New York, NY : Springer New York, ©2014 9781493921980