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Title Nickel in Soils and Plants / Christos Tsadilas.
Imprint Boca Raton, FL : CRC Press, 2017.


 Internet  Electronic Book    AVAILABLE
Edition First edition.
Description 1 online resource : text file, PDF
Series Advances in Soil Science
Note Available only to authorized UTEP users.
Subject TECHNOLOGY and ENGINEERING -- Agriculture -- General.
Science -- Chemical warfare -- General.
Genre Electronic books.
Contents Cover; Half Title; Title Page; Copyright Page; Dedication; Table of Contents; Preface; Editors; Contributors; Chapter 1: Essentiality of Nickel for Plants; 1.1 Introduction; 1.2 Establishment of Ni as Essential for Plants; 1.2.1 Ni Deficiency of Plants Grown with NH4+ or NO3− or N Fixation; 1.2.2 Ni Deficiency of Plants Grown with Urea; 1.3 Establishment of Critical Levels of Ni; 1.4 The Role of Urease in Plants; 1.5 Urea Transport in Plants; 1.6 Ni Processing by Accessory Proteins; 1.7 Agricultural Issues Related to Urease; 1.8 Ni in Hydrogenase; 1.9 Glyoxylase and Plant Stress
1.10 Fungicidal Benefits of Ni1.11 Conclusions; References; Chapter 2: Nickel Biogeochemistry attheSoil-Plant Interface; 2.1 Introduction; 2.2 Nickel in Plants; 2.3 Processes Controlling Nickel Biogeochemistry in the Rhizosphere; 2.3.1 Nickel Uptake and Its Controls in the Rhizosphere; 2.3.2 Effects of Root-Induced Changes in pH and Redox; 2.3.3 Complexation and Chelation of Ni in the Rhizosphere; 2.3.4 Enhanced Weathering of Ni-Rich Minerals in the Rhizosphere; 2.4 Nickel Fractionation and Speciation in the Soil Solid Phase; 2.5 Nickel Solubility and Resupply
2.5.1 Nickel Concentrations and Speciation in Soil Solution2.5.2 Controls of Ni Retention and Resupply from the Soil Solid Phase; 2.5.3 Effect of Root Activities on Ni Solubility, Solution Speciation, and Resupply; 2.6 Microbial Interactions; 2.7 Applications and Management of Nickel Biogeochemistry in the Rhizosphere in Phytoremediation; 2.8 Conclusions; References; Chapter 3: Biogeochemistry of Nickel in Soils, Plants, and the Rhizosphere; 3.1 Introduction; 3.1.1 Chemical Properties of Ni; 3.1.2 Introduction of Ni into Soils and the Aquatic Environment
3.1.3 Biological Ni Requirements and Toxicity Thresholds3.2 Serpentine Soils; 3.2.1 Nickel-Bearing Parent Materials; 3.2.2 Properties of Serpentine-Derived Soils; 3.2.3 Selective Pressure of Serpentine Soils; 3.2.4 Nickel Chemistry in Soil; Ni Chemistry in Soils, Aquifers, and Sediments; Ni Chemistry in the Rhizosphere; 3.2.5 Ni Uptake; 3.2.6 Physiological Role of Ni in Plants; 3.2.7 Ni Toxicity and Tolerance in Plants; 3.2.8 Ni Hyperaccumulation in Plants; Ni Hyperaccumulation Defined; Physiology of Ni Hyperaccumulation Evolution of the Metal Hyperaccumulating Phenotype3.3 Ni-Microbe Relationships; 3.3.1 Ni Influx; 3.3.2 Ni Efflux; 3.3.3 Ni Tolerance; 3.4 The Serpentine Microbiome and Hyperaccumulator Rhizobiome; References; Chapter 4: Nickel Resources and Sources; 4.1 Introduction; 4.2 Nickel Resources and Sources; 4.3 Environmental Occurrence of Nickel; 4.4 Natural Sources of Nickel; 4.5 Anthropogenic Sources of Nickel; 4.6 Conclusions; References; Chapter 5: The Origin of Nickel in Soils; 5.1 Introduction; 5.2 Nickel in Rocks and Minerals; 5.3 Origin of Ni in Soils
Summary "Nickel (Ni), the fifth common element on the earth is widespread in the environment. Recently Ni has been proved essential for normal growth of many organisms, and at the same time Ni can become toxic to organisms when high in concentration. In several parts of the world, high Ni concentrations are causing serious environmental impacts. This book will be the first to discuss the problems related to Ni presence and raise the need for full investigation and more efforts to support this goal. It will present the recent advances in research on Ni nutrition of plants, Ni contamination of the environment--that is, soils, waters and plants--and methods of remediation."--Provided by publisher.
Other Title 9781315154664 9781498774611