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Cell Physiological Processes -- See Cell Physiological Phenomena

Cellular processes, properties, and characteristics.

Cell Physiology -- See Cell Physiological Phenomena

Cellular processes, properties, and characteristics.

Cell Plasticity -- See Also Neuronal Plasticity

The capacity of the NERVOUS SYSTEM to change its reactivity as the result of successive activations.
Cell Polarity.   2
Cell Proliferation.   13
Cell Proliferation -- drug effects.   2
Cell Proliferation -- ethics   2009 1

Cell Protection -- See Cytoprotection

The process by which chemical compounds provide protection to cells against harmful agents.

Cell Respiration -- See Also Oxygen Consumption

The rate at which oxygen is used by a tissue; microliters of oxygen STPD used per milligram of tissue per hour; the rate at which oxygen enters the blood from alveolar gas, equal in the steady state to the consumption of oxygen by tissue metabolism throughout the body. (Stedman, 25th ed, p346)
Cell Respiration.   2

Cell Segregation -- See Cell Separation

Techniques for separating distinct populations of cells.

Cell Self Renewal -- See Also Stem Cells

Relatively undifferentiated cells that retain the ability to divide and proliferate throughout postnatal life to provide progenitor cells that can differentiate into specialized cells.

Cell Senescence -- See Cellular Senescence

Process by which cells irreversibly stop dividing and enter a state of permanent growth arrest without undergoing CELL DEATH. Senescence can be induced by DNA DAMAGE or other cellular stresses, such as OXIDATIVE STRESS.
  Cell Separation -- 2 Related Mesh   2
Cell Separation.   7
Cell Separation -- Congresses.   1980 1
Cell Separation -- methods.   10
Cell Separation -- Periodicals.     1

Cell Signaling -- See Signal Transduction

The intracellular transfer of information (biological activation/inhibition) through a signal pathway. In each signal transduction system, an activation/inhibition signal from a biologically active molecule (hormone, neurotransmitter) is mediated via the coupling of a receptor/enzyme to a second messenger system or to an ion channel. Signal transduction plays an important role in activating cellular functions, cell differentiation, and cell proliferation. Examples of signal transduction systems are the GAMMA-AMINOBUTYRIC ACID-postsynaptic receptor-calcium ion channel system, the receptor-mediated T-cell activation pathway, and the receptor-mediated activation of phospholipases. Those coupled to membrane depolarization or intracellular release of calcium include the receptor-mediated activation of cytotoxic functions in granulocytes and the synaptic potentiation of protein kinase activation. Some signal transduction pathways may be part of larger signal transduction pathways; for example, protein kinase activation is part of the platelet activation signal pathway.
Cell Size.   2

Cell Surface Antigens -- See Antigens, Surface

Antigens on surfaces of cells, including infectious or foreign cells or viruses. They are usually protein-containing groups on cell membranes or walls and may be isolated.

Cell Surface Display Techniques -- See Also Peptide Library

A collection of cloned peptides, or chemically synthesized peptides, frequently consisting of all possible combinations of amino acids making up an n-amino acid peptide.
Cell Surface Extensions.   2007 1

Cell Surface Glycoproteins -- See Membrane Glycoproteins

Glycoproteins found on the membrane or surface of cells.

Cell Surface Proteins -- See Membrane Proteins

Proteins which are found in membranes including cellular and intracellular membranes. They consist of two types, peripheral and integral proteins. They include most membrane-associated enzymes, antigenic proteins, transport proteins, and drug, hormone, and lectin receptors.

Cell Surface Receptors -- See Receptors, Cell Surface

Cell surface proteins that bind signalling molecules external to the cell with high affinity and convert this extracellular event into one or more intracellular signals that alter the behavior of the target cell (From Alberts, Molecular Biology of the Cell, 2nd ed, pp693-5). Cell surface receptors, unlike enzymes, do not chemically alter their ligands.
Cell Survival.   8
Cell Survival -- Periodicals.   1996- 1

Cell Therapy -- See Cell- and Tissue-Based Therapy

Therapies that involve the TRANSPLANTATION of CELLS or TISSUES developed for the purpose of restoring the function of diseased or dysfunctional cells or tissues.

Cell-to-Cell Interaction -- See Cell Communication

Any of several ways in which living cells of an organism communicate with one another, whether by direct contact between cells or by means of chemical signals carried by neurotransmitter substances, hormones, and cyclic AMP.

Cell Tracking -- See Also Cell Movement

The movement of cells from one location to another. Distinguish from CYTOKINESIS which is the process of dividing the CYTOPLASM of a cell.
Cell Tracking.   2
Cell Tracking -- methods.   2017 1

Cell Transdifferentiation -- See Also Cellular Reprogramming

A process where fully differentiated or specialized cells revert to pluripotency or a less differentiated cell type.

Cell Transformation, Neoplastic -- See Also Antigens, Differentiation

Antigens expressed primarily on the membranes of living cells during sequential stages of maturation and differentiation. As immunologic markers they have high organ and tissue specificity and are useful as probes in studies of normal cell development as well as neoplastic transformation.
Cell Transformation, Neoplastic.   34
Cell Transformation, Neoplastic -- Congresses.   11
Cell Transformation, Neoplastic -- drug effects.   2008 1
Cell Transformation, Neoplastic -- drug effects -- Congresses.   1992 1
Cell Transformation, Neoplastic -- genetics.   7
Cell Transformation, Neoplastic -- metabolism.   c1992 1
Cell Transformation, Neoplastic -- Periodicals.   8
Cell Transformation, Viral.   3
Cell Transformation, Viral -- physiology.   c1992 1
  Cell Transplantation -- 2 Related Mesh   2
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