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Hypophyseal Disorders -- See Pituitary Diseases


Disorders involving either the ADENOHYPOPHYSIS or the NEUROHYPOPHYSIS. These diseases usually manifest as hypersecretion or hyposecretion of PITUITARY HORMONES. Neoplastic pituitary masses can also cause compression of the OPTIC CHIASM and other adjacent structures.
  1
 

Hypophysis -- See Pituitary Gland


A small, unpaired gland situated in the SELLA TURCICA. It is connected to the HYPOTHALAMUS by a short stalk which is called the INFUNDIBULUM.

--consider also terms at HYPOPHYS-
  1
Hypopigmentation.   2020 1
Hypopituitarism.   1950 1
Hypoplastic Left Heart Syndrome.   2004 1
Hypoplastic Left Heart Syndrome -- surgery.   2004 1
 

Hypopotassemia -- See Hypokalemia


Abnormally low potassium concentration in the blood. It may result from potassium loss by renal secretion or by the gastrointestinal route, as by vomiting or diarrhea. It may be manifested clinically by neuromuscular disorders ranging from weakness to paralysis, by electrocardiographic abnormalities (depression of the T wave and elevation of the U wave), by renal disease, and by gastrointestinal disorders. (Dorland, 27th ed)
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Hyposalivation -- See Xerostomia


Decreased salivary flow.
  1
 

Hyposensitization Therapy -- See Desensitization, Immunologic


Immunosuppression by the administration of increasing doses of antigen. Though the exact mechanism is not clear, the therapy results in an increase in serum levels of allergen-specific IMMUNOGLOBULIN G, suppression of specific IgE, and an increase in suppressor T-cell activity.
  1
 

Hypostatic union -- See Also Jesus Christ Natures


  1
 

Hypotension, Orthostatic -- See Also Posture


The position or physical attitude of the body.
  1
Hypothalamic Diseases.   2014 1
Hypothalamic Hormones.   1978 1
Hypothalamic Hormones -- physiology.   2018 1
 

Hypothalamic Hypophyseal System -- See Hypothalamo-Hypophyseal System


A collection of NEURONS, tracts of NERVE FIBERS, endocrine tissue, and blood vessels in the HYPOTHALAMUS and the PITUITARY GLAND. This hypothalamo-hypophyseal portal circulation provides the mechanism for hypothalamic neuroendocrine (HYPOTHALAMIC HORMONES) regulation of pituitary function and the release of various PITUITARY HORMONES into the systemic circulation to maintain HOMEOSTASIS.
  1
 

Hypothalamic-Neurohypophyseal Disorders -- See Hypothalamic Diseases


Neoplastic, inflammatory, infectious, and other diseases of the hypothalamus. Clinical manifestations include appetite disorders; AUTONOMIC NERVOUS SYSTEM DISEASES; SLEEP DISORDERS; behavioral symptoms related to dysfunction of the LIMBIC SYSTEM; and neuroendocrine disorders.
  1
 

Hypothalamo-Hypophyseal System -- See Also Pituitary Hormone-Releasing Hormones


Peptides, natural or synthetic, that stimulate the release of PITUITARY HORMONES. They were first isolated from the extracts of the HYPOTHALAMUS; MEDIAN EMINENCE; PITUITARY STALK; and NEUROHYPOPHYSIS. In addition, some hypophysiotropic hormones control pituitary cell differentiation, cell proliferation, and hormone synthesis. Some can act on more than one pituitary hormone.
  1
Hypothalamo-Hypophyseal System -- Congresses.   2
Hypothalamo-Hypophyseal System -- physiology.   3
 

Hypothalamo-Pituitary-Adrenal Axis -- See Hypothalamo-Hypophyseal System


A collection of NEURONS, tracts of NERVE FIBERS, endocrine tissue, and blood vessels in the HYPOTHALAMUS and the PITUITARY GLAND. This hypothalamo-hypophyseal portal circulation provides the mechanism for hypothalamic neuroendocrine (HYPOTHALAMIC HORMONES) regulation of pituitary function and the release of various PITUITARY HORMONES into the systemic circulation to maintain HOMEOSTASIS.
  1
Hypothalamus.   1957 1
Hypothalamus -- anatomy & hystology.   1978 1
 

Hypothalamus, Infundibular -- See Pituitary Gland


A small, unpaired gland situated in the SELLA TURCICA. It is connected to the HYPOTHALAMUS by a short stalk which is called the INFUNDIBULUM.

--consider also terms at HYPOPHYS-
  1
Hypothalamus -- physiology.   6
Hypothalamus -- physiology -- Congresses.   c1976 1
Hypothalamus -- physiology -- yearbooks.     1
Hypothalamus -- physiopathology.   2014 1
Hypothalamus -- physiopathology -- Congresses.   c1987 1
Hypothalamus -- secretion -- Congresses.   1977 1
Hypothermia.   1986 1
 

Hypothermia, Induced -- See Also Cryotherapy


A form of therapy consisting in the local or general use of cold. The selective destruction of tissue by extreme cold or freezing is CRYOSURGERY. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)
  1
Hypothermia, Induced.   2005 1
Hypothermia, Induced -- Periodicals.   2008 1
 

Hypothyroidism -- See Also Congenital Hypothyroidism


A condition in infancy or early childhood due to an in-utero deficiency of THYROID HORMONES that can be caused by genetic or environmental factors, such as thyroid dysgenesis or HYPOTHYROIDISM in infants of mothers treated with THIOURACIL during pregnancy. Endemic cretinism is the result of iodine deficiency. Clinical symptoms include severe MENTAL RETARDATION, impaired skeletal development, short stature, and MYXEDEMA.
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Hypothyroidism -- complications.   2009 1
Hypothyroidism -- complications -- Congresses.   1977 1
 

Hypotonia -- See Muscle Hypotonia


A diminution of the skeletal muscle tone marked by a diminished resistance to passive stretching.
  1
Hypoventilation.   2015 1
 

Hypovolemia -- See Also Shock


A pathological condition manifested by failure to perfuse or oxygenate vital organs.
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Hypovolemic Shock -- See Shock


A pathological condition manifested by failure to perfuse or oxygenate vital organs.
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Hypoxanthine Phosphoribosyltransferase -- See Also Gout


Metabolic disorder characterized by recurrent acute arthritis, hyperuricemia and deposition of sodium urate in and around the joints, sometimes with formation of URIC ACID calculi.
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Hypoxemic Acute Respiratory Failure -- See Respiratory Insufficiency


Failure to adequately provide oxygen to cells of the body and to remove excess carbon dioxide from them. (Stedman, 25th ed)
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Hypoxemic Respiratory Failure -- See Respiratory Insufficiency


Failure to adequately provide oxygen to cells of the body and to remove excess carbon dioxide from them. (Stedman, 25th ed)
  1
 

Hypoxia -- See Also Hypoxia, Brain


A reduction in brain oxygen supply due to ANOXEMIA (a reduced amount of oxygen being carried in the blood by HEMOGLOBIN), or to a restriction of the blood supply to the brain, or both. Severe hypoxia is referred to as anoxia, and is a relatively common cause of injury to the central nervous system. Prolonged brain anoxia may lead to BRAIN DEATH or a PERSISTENT VEGETATIVE STATE. Histologically, this condition is characterized by neuronal loss which is most prominent in the HIPPOCAMPUS; GLOBUS PALLIDUS; CEREBELLUM; and inferior olives.
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Hypoxia.   7
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