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Mark   Year Entries
Phenols -- metabolism.   1978 1
Phenols -- pharmacokinetics.   2004 1
Phenols -- therapeutic use.   2007 1
Phenols -- toxicity.   2012 1
Phenomena and Processes   446
 

Phenomenography -- See Learning


Relatively permanent change in behavior that is the result of past experience or practice. The concept includes the acquisition of knowledge.
  1
 

Phenomenology in physics -- See Phenomenological theory (Physics)


  1
 

Phenomics -- See Also Phenotype


The outward appearance of the individual. It is the product of interactions between genes, and between the GENOTYPE and the environment.
  1
 

Phenopromin -- See Amphetamine


A powerful central nervous system stimulant and sympathomimetic. Amphetamine has multiple mechanisms of action including blocking uptake of adrenergics and dopamine, stimulation of release of monamines, and inhibiting monoamine oxidase. Amphetamine is also a drug of abuse and a psychotomimetic. The l- and the d,l-forms are included here. The l-form has less central nervous system activity but stronger cardiovascular effects. The d-form is DEXTROAMPHETAMINE.
  1
 

Phenothiazines -- See Also Antipsychotic Agents


Agents that control agitated psychotic behavior, alleviate acute psychotic states, reduce psychotic symptoms, and exert a quieting effect. They are used in SCHIZOPHRENIA; senile dementia; transient psychosis following surgery; or MYOCARDIAL INFARCTION; etc. These drugs are often referred to as neuroleptics alluding to the tendency to produce neurological side effects, but not all antipsychotics are likely to produce such effects. Many of these drugs may also be effective against nausea, emesis, and pruritus.
  1
 

Phenotype -- See Also Somatotypes


Particular categories of body build, determined on the basis of certain physical characteristics. The three basic body types are ectomorph (thin physique), endomorph (rounded physique), and mesomorph (athletic physique).
  1
Phenotype.   25
Phenotype -- Congresses.   c1984 1
 

Phentanyl -- See Fentanyl


A potent narcotic analgesic, abuse of which leads to habituation or addiction. It is primarily a mu-opioid agonist. Fentanyl is also used as an adjunct to general anesthetics, and as an anesthetic for induction and maintenance. (From Martindale, The Extra Pharmacopoeia, 30th ed, p1078)
  1
Phenyl Ethers -- chemistry.   1971 1
 

Phenylalanine Hydroxylase -- See Also Phenylketonurias


A group of autosomal recessive disorders marked by a deficiency of the hepatic enzyme PHENYLALANINE HYDROXYLASE or less frequently by reduced activity of DIHYDROPTERIDINE REDUCTASE (i.e., atypical phenylketonuria). Classical phenylketonuria is caused by a severe deficiency of phenylalanine hydroxylase and presents in infancy with developmental delay; SEIZURES; skin HYPOPIGMENTATION; ECZEMA; and demyelination in the central nervous system. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p952).
  1
 

Phenylalanine Hydroxylase Deficiency Disease -- See Phenylketonurias


A group of autosomal recessive disorders marked by a deficiency of the hepatic enzyme PHENYLALANINE HYDROXYLASE or less frequently by reduced activity of DIHYDROPTERIDINE REDUCTASE (i.e., atypical phenylketonuria). Classical phenylketonuria is caused by a severe deficiency of phenylalanine hydroxylase and presents in infancy with developmental delay; SEIZURES; skin HYPOPIGMENTATION; ECZEMA; and demyelination in the central nervous system. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p952).
  1
 

Phenylamines -- See Aniline Compounds


Compounds that include the aminobenzene structure.
  1
Phenylcarbamates -- metabolism.   1974 1
 

Phenylcarbamides -- See Phenylurea Compounds


Compounds that include the amino-N-phenylamide structure.
  1
Phenylenediamines -- toxicity.   1985 1
Phenylephrine -- toxicity.   1987 1
Phenylketonurias.   2
Phenylketonurias -- diagnosis -- Bibliography.   2000 1
Phenylketonurias -- diet therapy.   2
Phenylketonurias -- history.   2013 1
Phenylketonurias -- therapy -- Bibliography.   2000 1
Phenylthiourea.   2004 1
Phenylurea Compounds.   1974 1
Phenytoin.   2
Phenytoin -- Bibliography.   3
Phenytoin -- therapeutic use -- Personal Narratives.   c1988 1
Pheochromocytoma.   1952 1
 

Pheochromocytoma, Extra-Adrenal -- See Pheochromocytoma


A usually benign, well-encapsulated, lobular, vascular tumor of chromaffin tissue of the ADRENAL MEDULLA or sympathetic paraganglia. The cardinal symptom, reflecting the increased secretion of EPINEPHRINE and NOREPINEPHRINE, is HYPERTENSION, which may be persistent or intermittent. During severe attacks, there may be HEADACHE; SWEATING, palpitation, apprehension, TREMOR; PALLOR or FLUSHING of the face, NAUSEA and VOMITING, pain in the CHEST and ABDOMEN, and paresthesias of the extremities. The incidence of malignancy is as low as 5% but the pathologic distinction between benign and malignant pheochromocytomas is not clear. (Dorland, 27th ed; DeVita Jr et al., Cancer: Principles & Practice of Oncology, 3d ed, p1298)
  1
 

Pheresis -- See Blood Component Removal


Any procedure in which blood is withdrawn from a donor, a portion is separated and retained, at the same time the remainder is returned to the donor.
  1
Pheromones.   13
Pheromones -- analysis.   3
Pheromones -- chemical synthesis.   2
Pheromones -- chemistry.   3
Pheromones -- Congresses.   c1977 1
Pheromones -- Periodicals.   2
 

Pheromones, Sexual -- See Sex Attractants


Pheromones that elicit sexual attraction or mating behavior usually in members of the opposite sex in the same species.
  1
Pheromones -- statistics & numerical data.   1976 1
Philadelphia.   4
Philadelphia Assault Victim Study.   1977 1
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