LEADER 00000dam  2200529 i 4500 
001    881427108 
003    OCoLC 
005    20170805101051.8 
006    m     o  d         
007    cr ||||||||||| 
008    140613s2015    nju     obf   001 0 eng   
010    2014023355 
020    9781118989975 
020    111898997X 
020    9781118989968 
020    1118989961 
020    0470455519 
020    9780470455517 
035    (OCoLC)881427108|z(OCoLC)903972453 
035    ebrary Academic: Science & Technology 
040    DLC|beng|erda|epn|cDLC|dYDX|dOCLCF|dN$T|dYDXCP|dE7B|dCOO
042    pcc 
049    txum 
050 00 TD427.P4eb 
072  7 TEC|x010000|2bisacsh 
245 00 Handbook of oil spill science and technology /|cedited by 
       Merv Fingas. 
264  1 Hoboken, New Jersey :|bWiley,|c2015. 
300    1 online resource. 
336    text|btxt|2rdacontent. 
337    computer|bn|2rdamedia. 
338    online resource|bnc|2rdacarrier. 
504    Includes bibliographical references and index. 
505 00 Machine-generated contents note:|gpt. I|tRISK ANALYSIS --
       |g1.|tRisk Analysis and Prevention /|rDagmar Schmidt Etkin
       --|g1.1.|tIntroduction --|g1.2.|tExecutive Summary --
       |g1.3.|tOil Spill Risk Analysis --|g1.3.1.|tDefining "Oil 
       Spill Risk" --|g1.3.2.|tFactors That Determine the 
       Probability of Spill Occurrence --|g1.3.3.|tProbability 
       Distributions of Spill Volume --|g1.3.4.|tDetermining the 
       Probable Locations and Timing of Spills --|g1.3.5.
       |tFactors That Determine the Consequences/Impacts of a 
       Spill --|g1.3.6.|tSpill Impacts: The Effects of Spill 
       Location Type --|g1.3.7.|tMeasuring Oil Spill Impacts --
       |g1.3.8.|tInterpreting Risk for Policy-Making --|g1.4.
       |tOverview of Oil Spill Prevention --|g1.4.1.|tBasic 
       Strategies for Spill Prevention --|g1.4.2.|tImplementation
       of Spill Prevention Measures --|g1.4.3.|tEffectiveness of 
       Spill Prevention --|g1.4.4.|tSpill Fines and Penalties as 
       Deterrents --|tReferences --|gpt. II|tOIL PROPERTIES --
       |g2.|tOil Physical Properties: Measurement and Correlation
       /|rBruce P. Hollebone --|g2.1.|tIntroduction --|g2.2.
       |tBulk Properties of Crude Oil and Fuel Products --
       |g2.2.1.|tDensity and API Gravity --|g2.2.2.|tDynamic 
       Viscosity --|g2.2.3.|tSurface and Interfacial Tensions --
       |g2.2.4.|tFlash Point --|g2.2.5.|tPour Point --|g2.2.6.
       |tSulphur Content --|g2.2.7.|tWater Content --|g2.2.8.
       |tEvaluation of the Stability of Emulsions Formed from 
       Brine and Oils and Oil Products --|g2.2.9.|tEvaluation of 
       the Effectiveness of Dispersants on an Oil --|g2.2.10.
       |tAdhesion --|g2.3.|tHydrocarbon Groups --|g2.3.1.
       |tSaturates --|g2.3.2.|tAromatics --|g2.3.3.|tResins --
       |g2.3.4.|tAsphaltenes --|g2.4.|tQuality Assurance and 
       Control --|g2.5.|tEffects of Evaporative Weathering on Oil
       Bulk Properties --|g2.5.1.|tWeathering --|g2.5.2.
       |tPreparing Evaporated (Weathered) Samples of Oils --
       |g2.5.3.|tQuantifying Equation(s) for Predicting 
       Evaporation --|tReferences --|gpt. III|tOIL COMPOSITION 
       AND PROPERTIES --|g3.|tIntroduction to Oil Chemistry and 
       Properties /|rMerv Fingas --|g3.1.|tIntroduction --|g3.2.
       |tThe Composition of Oil --|g3.2.1.|tSARA --|g3.2.2.
       |tSulphur Compounds --|g3.2.3.|tOxygen Compounds --
       |g3.2.4.|tNitrogen Compounds --|g3.2.5.|tMetals --|g3.2.6.
       |tResins --|g3.2.7.|tAsphaltenes --|g3.3.|tProperties of 
       Oil --|tReferences --|g4.|tVegetable Oil Spills: Oil 
       Properties and Behaviour /|rMerv Fingas --|g4.1.
       |tIntroduction --|g4.2.|tThe Oils --|g4.3.|tHistorical 
       Spills --|g4.4.|tAquatic Toxicity --|g4.5.|tProperties of 
       the Oils --|g4.6.|tBehaviour in the Environment --|g4.7.
       |tOxidation, Biodegradation, and Polymerization --|g4.8.
       |tSpill Countermeasures --|g4.9.|tBiofuels --|g4.10.
       |tConclusions --|tReferences --|gpt. IV|tOIL ANALYSIS --
       |g5.|tChromatographic Fingerprinting Analysis of Crude 
       Oils and Petroleum Products /|rMike Landriault --|g5.1.
       |tIntroduction --|g5.1.1.|tCrude Oils and Refined 
       Petroleum Products --|g5.1.2.|tChemical Components of 
       Petroleum --|g5.2.|tIntroduction to Oil Analysis 
       Techniques --|g5.2.1.|tGC --|g5.2.2.|tGC with Mass 
       Spectrometry --|g5.2.3.|tAncillary Oil Fingerprinting 
       Techniques --|g5.3.|tMethodology of Oil Fingerprinting 
       Analysis --|g5.3.1.|tOil Sample Preparation and Separation
       --|g5.3.2.|tIdentification and Quantitation of Target 
       Petroleum Hydrocarbons --|g5.3.3.|tOil Type Screening by 
       GC-FID --|g5.3.4.|tAliphatic Hydrocarbons in Petroleum --
       |g5.3.5.|tAromatic Hydrocarbons in Petroleum --|g5.4.
       |tWeathering Effect on Oil Chemical Composition --|g5.4.1.
       |tEvaporation Weathering --|g5.4.2.|tBiodegradation 
       Weathering --|g5.4.3.|tPhotodegradation Weathering --
       |g5.4.4.|tAssessment of Mass Loss during Weathering --
       |g5.5.|tDiagnostic Ratios of Target Hydrocarbons --
       |g5.5.1.|tMolecular Diagnostic Ratios for Oil 
       Identification --|g5.5.2.|tSelection of Diagnostic Ratios 
       --|g5.6.|tForensic Oil Spill Identification: A Case Study 
       --|g5.6.1.|tProduct Type Screening and Determination of 
       Hydrocarbon Groups --|g5.6.2.|tDetermination of Oil-
       Characteristic Alkylated PAHs and Biomarkers --|g5.6.3.
       |tComparison of Diagnostic Ratios --|g5.6.4.|tWeathering 
       Check --|g5.6.5.|tResults of Match between Spilled Oils 
       and Candidate Sources --|tReferences --|g6.|tOil Spill 
       Identification /|rGerhard Dahlmann --|g6.1.|tIntroduction 
       --|g6.2.|tSampling --|g6.2.1.|tThick Oil Layers and Tar 
       Balls --|g6.2.2.|tSampling of Thin Oil Films (Sheens or 
       Slicks) --|g6.2.3.|tTaking Oil Samples on Beaches and from
       Oiled Animals --|g6.2.4.|tSampling on Board Vessels --
       |g6.3.|tSample Handling in the Laboratory --|g6.4.
       |tAnalysis --|g6.4.1.|tCharacterization by GC-FID: Level 1
       --|g6.4.2.|tCharacterization by GC-MS: Level 2 --|g6.5.
       |tConclusions --|tReferences --|gpt. V|tOIL BEHAVIOUR --
       |g7.|tOil and Petroleum Evaporation /|rMerv Fingas --
       |g7.1.|tIntroduction --|g7.2.|tReview of Historical 
       Concepts --|g7.3.|tDevelopment of New Diffusion-Regulated 
       Models --|g7.3.1.|tWind Experiments --|g7.3.2.|tVariation 
       with Area --|g7.3.3.|tVariation with Mass --|g7.3.4.
       |tEvaporation of Pure Hydrocarbons --|g7.3.5.|tSaturation 
       Concentration --|g7.3.6.|tDevelopment of Generic Equations
       Using Distillation Data --|g7.4.|tComplexities to the 
       Diffusion-Regulated Model --|g7.4.1.|tOil Thickness --
       |g7.4.2.|tThe Bottle Effect --|g7.4.3.|tSkinning --
       |g7.4.4.|tJumps from the 0-Wind Values --|g7.5.|tUse of 
       Evaporation Equations in Spill Models --|g7.6.
       |tVolatilization --|g7.7.|tMeasurement of Evaporation --
       |g7.8.|tSummary --|tReferences --|g8.|tWater-in-Oil 
       Emulsions: Formation and Prediction /|rBen Fieldhouse --
       |g8.1.|tIntroduction --|g8.2.|tTypes of Emulsions --|g8.3.
       |tStability Indices --|g8.4.|tFormation of Emulsions --
       |g8.4.1.|tThe Role of Asphaltenes --|g8.4.2.|tThe Role of 
       Resins and Other Components --|g8.4.3.|tMethods to Study 
       Emulsions --|g8.4.4.|tThe Overall Theory of Emulsion 
       Formation --|g8.4.5.|tThe Role of Weathering --|g8.5.
       |tModelling the Formation of Water-in-Oil Emulsions --
       |g8.5.1.|tOlder Models --|g8.5.2.|tNew Models --|g8.5.3.
       |tDevelopment of an Emulsion Kinetics Estimator --|g8.5.4.
       |tModel Certainty --|g8.6.|tConclusions --|tReferences --
       |g9.|tOil Behaviour in Ice-Infested Waters /|rBruce P. 
       Hollebone --|g9.1.|tIntroduction --|g9.2.|tSpreading on 
       Ice --|g9.3.|tSpreading on or in Snow --|g9.4.|tSpreading 
       under Ice --|g9.4.1.|tWater Stripping Velocity under Ice -
       -|g9.5.|tSpreading on Water with Ice Present --|g9.6.|tThe
       Effect of Gas on Oil-under-Ice Spreading --|g9.7.
       |tMovement through Ice --|g9.8.|tOil in Leads --|g9.9.
       |tAbsorption to Snow and Ice --|g9.10.|tContainment on Ice
       --|g9.11.|tHeating Effect of Oil on the Surface of Ice --
       |g9.12.|tOil under Multiyear Ice --|g9.13.|tOil in Pack 
       Ice --|g9.14.|tGrowth of Ice on Shorelines and Effect on 
       Oil Retention --|g9.15.|tEffect of Oil on Ice Properties -
       -|g9.16.|tConcluding Remarks --|tReferences --|gpt. VI
       |tMODELLING --|g10.|tIntroduction to Spill Modelling /
       |rMerv Fingas --|g10.1.|tIntroduction --|g10.2.|tAn 
       Overview of Weathering --|g10.3.|tEvaporation --|g10.4.
       |tWater Uptake and Emulsification --|g10.4.1.|tRegression 
       Model Calculation --|g10.5.|tNatural Dispersion --|g10.6.
       |tSummary of Natural Dispersion --|g10.7.|tOther Processes
       --|g10.7.1.|tDissolution --|g10.7.2.|tPhotooxidation --
       |g10.7.3.|tSedimentation, Adhesion to Surfaces, and Oil-
       Fines Interaction --|g10.7.4.|tBiodegradation --|g10.7.5.
       |tSinking and Overwashing --|g10.7.6.|tFormation of Tar 
       Balls --|g10.8.|tMovement of Oil and Oil Spill Modelling -
       -|g10.8.1.|tSpreading --|g10.8.2.|tMovement of Oil Slicks 
       --|g10.9.|tSpill Modelling --|tReferences --|g11.
       |tOceanographic and Meteorological Effects on Spilled Oil 
       /|rWilliam J. Lehr --|tList of Symbols --|g11.1.
       |tIntroduction --|g11.2.|tChapter Scope --|g11.3.
       |tAtmospheric Boundary Layer --|g11.4.|tWater Currents --
       |g11.5.|tWaves --|g11.6.|tSea Spray --|g11.7.|tLangmuir 
       Cells --|g11.8.|tOil Transport --|g11.9.|tAreas of Active 
       Research --|g11.9.1.|tIce --|g11.9.2.|tLagrangian Coherent
       Structures --|g11.9.3.|tSub-surface Well Blowouts --
       |tReferences --|gpt. VII|tDETECTION, TRACKING, AND REMOTE-
       SENSING --|g12.|tOil Spill Remote-Sensing /|rCarl E. Brown
       --|g12.1.|tIntroduction --|g12.2.|tAtmospheric Properties 
       --|g12.3.|tOil Interaction with Light and Electronic Waves
       --|g12.4.|tVisible Indications of Oil --|g12.5.|tOptical 
       Sensors --|g12.5.1.|tVisible --|g12.5.2.|tIR --|g12.5.3.
       |tNear IR --|g12.5.4.|tUV --|g12.6.|tLaser Fluorosensors -
       -|g12.7.|tMicrowave Sensors --|g12.7.1.|tRadiometers --
       |g12.7.2.|tRadar --|g12.7.3.|tMicrowave Scatterometers --
       |g12.7.4.|tSurface-Wave Radars --|g12.7.5.
       |tInterferometric Radar --|g12.8.|tSlick Thickness 
       Determination --|g12.8.1.|tVisual Thickness Indications --
       |g12.8.2.|tSlick Thickness Relationships in Remote Sensors
       --|g12.8.3.|tSpecific Thickness Sensors --|g12.9.
       |tIntegrated Airborne Sensor Systems --|g12.10.|tSatellite
       Remote Sensing --|g12.10.1.|tOptical --|g12.10.2.|tRadar -
       -|g12.11.|tOil-Under-Ice Detection --|g12.12.|tUnderwater 
       Detection and Tracking --|g12.13.|tSmall Remote-Controlled
       Aircraft --|g12.14.|tReal-Time Displays and Printers --
       |g12.15.|tRoutine Surveillance --|g12.16.|tFuture Trends -
       -|g12.17.|tRecommendations --|tReferences --|g13.
       |tDetection, Tracking, and Remote-Sensing: Satellites and 
       Image Processing (Spaceborne Oil Spill Detection) /|rGuido
       Ferraro --|g13.1.|tIntroduction --|g13.2.|tOil Spills 
       Detection by Satellite --|g13.2.1.|tOptical Remote-Sensing
       --|g13.2.2.|tMicrowave Remote-Sensing --|g13.3.|tFrom 
       Research to Operational Services --|g13.3.1.|tHistorical 
       attempts --|g13.3.2.|tOperational Oil Spill Detection --
       |g13.3.3.|tOil Seepage Detection Aspects --|g13.4.
       |tAncillary Data --|g13.4.1.|tDetection Capability --
       |g13.4.2.|tRisk of Pollution --|g13.4.3.|tShip Detection 
       (AIS, LRIT, VMS, Satellite AIS) --|g13.5.|tSummary and 
       Conclusions --|tReferences. 
505 00 Note continued:|g14.|tDetection of Oil in, with, and under
       Ice and Snow /|rCarl E. Brown --|g14.1.|tIntroduction --
       |g14.2.|tOverview of Detection of Oil in or under Ice and 
       Snow --|g14.2.1.|tOptical Methods --|g14.2.2.|tAcoustic 
       Methods --|g14.2.3.|tRadio-Frequency Methods --|g14.2.4.
       |tGround-Penetrating Radar --|g14.2.5.|tUHF Radiometer --
       |g14.2.6.|tNuclear Techniques --|g14.2.7.|tGas Sniffing 
       and Leak Detection --|g14.2.8.|tNuclear Magnetic Resonance
       --|g14.3.|tDetection of Surface Oil with Ice: Conventional
       Techniques --|g14.4.|tConclusions --|tReferences --|gpt. 
       VIII|tOIL SPILLS ON LAND --|g15.|tBioremediation of Oil 
       Spills on Land /|rAnia C. Ulrich --|g15.1.|tIntroduction -
       -|g15.2.|tBrief Overview of Bioremediation Techniques for 
       Land Oil Spills --|g15.2.1.|tIn Situ versus Ex Situ --
       |g15.2.2.|tBiostimulation versus Bioaugmentation --|g15.3.
       |tKey Organisms Involved in Biodegradation of Oil Spills 
       on Land --|g15.3.1.|tCommunities versus Isolates --|g15.4.
       |tEnvironmental Factors Affecting Bioremediation --
       |g15.4.1.|tTemperature --|g15.4.2.|tpH --|g15.4.3.
       |tSalinity --|g15.4.4.|tNutrients --|g15.4.5.|tMoisture --
       |g15.4.6.|tRedox Environment --|g15.4.7.|tSoil Type --
       |g15.5.|tIn Situ Bioremediation Strategies --|g15.5.1.
       |tBioventing --|g15.5.2.|tEnhanced Bioremediation --
       |g15.5.3.|tMonitored Natural Attenuation --|g15.6.|tEx 
       Situ Land Treatment Techniques --|g15.6.1.|tLand-farming 
       and Land Treatment --|g15.6.2.|tBiopiles --|g15.6.3.
       |tOrganic Amendments --|g15.7.|tBioaugmentation Strategies
       --|g15.7.1.|tKey Bacteria Used in Bioaugmentation --
       |g15.7.2.|tRole of Other Organisms --|g15.8.
       |tBiostimulation Strategies --|g15.8.1.|tBiosurfactants --
       |tReferences --|g16.|tMicrobe-Assisted Phytoremediation of
       Petroleum Impacted Soil: A Scientifically-Proven Green 
       Technology /|rBruce M. Greenberg --|g16.1.|tIntroduction -
       -|g16.1.1.|tOverview of Phytoremediation --|g16.1.2.
       |tDeveloping Microbe-Assisted Phytoremediation as a 
       Remedial Strategy for PHC --|g16.1.3.|tBenefits and 
       Challenges of Phytoremediation and Microbe-Assisted 
       Phytoremediation --|g16.1.4.|tSuccessful Field Tests of 
       Phytoremediation --|g16.2.|tPGPR-Enhanced Phytoremediation
       System(s) --|g16.2.1.|tDevelopment, Proof, and Full-Scale 
       Application of PEPS --|g16.2.2.|tKeys to the Success of 
       PEPS --|g16.3.|tCase Studies of Full-Scale Petroleum 
       Phytoremediation --|g16.3.1.|tCase Study #1: Edson, 
       Alberta --|g16.3.2.|tCase Study #2: Peace River, Alberta -
       -|g16.3.3.|tCase Study #3: Hinton, Alberta --|g16.3.4.
       |tCase Study #4: Dawson Creek, British Columbia --
       |g16.3.5.|tOverall Conclusions from Case Studies --|g16.4.
       |tAchieving Regulatory Criteria --|g16.4.1.|tOptimizing 
       PHC Analytical Protocols for Removal of BOC --|g16.4.2.
       |tPlant Toxicity Testing --|g16.5.|tConclusions --
       |tReferences --|gpt. IX|tEFFECTS OF OIL --|g17.|tOverview 
       of Efforts to Document and Reduce Impacts of Oil Spills on
       Seabirds /|rFlorina S. Tseng --|g17.1.|tIntroduction --
       |g17.2.|tVulnerability --|g17.3.|tEffect of Oiling on 
       Individual Birds --|g17.3.1.|tExternal Oil Effects --
       |g17.3.2.|tInternal Oil Effects --|g17.3.3.|tOil Effects 
       on Reproduction --|g17.4.|tRehabilitation and Veterinary 
       Care --|g17.4.1.|tKey Considerations in Care --|g17.4.2.
       |tRelease Rates --|g17.4.3.|tPost-Release Survival and 
       Reproduction --|g17.4.4.|tRehabilitation Process --|g17.5.
       |tEstimating Mortality --|g17.5.1.|tOiled Birds at Sea --
       |g17.5.2.|tOiled Birds on Land --|g17.5.3.|tCause of Death
       and Background Deposition --|g17.6.|tLong-Term Impacts --
       |g17.7.|tRestoration --|g17.7.1.|tApex Houston Barge Oil 
       Spill, Central California --|g17.7.2.|tAmerican Trader Oil
       Spill, Southern California --|tReferences --|g18.
       |tOverview of Effects of Oil Spills on Marine Mammals /
       |rTerrie M. Williams --|g18.1.|tIntroduction --|g18.1.1.
       |tSea Otters --|g18.1.2.|tSeals and Sea Lions --|g18.1.3.
       |tSea Cows --|g18.1.4.|tPolar Bears --|g18.1.5.|tWhales, 
       Dolphins, and Porpoises --|g18.2.|tSea Otters --|g18.2.1.
       |tExternal Exposure --|g18.2.2.|tInternal Exposure --
       |g18.2.3.|tLong-Term Effects --|g18.3.|tSeals and Sea 
       Lions --|g18.3.1.|tDirect Effects --|g18.3.2.
       |tVulnerability and Risk --|g18.4.|tSea Cows --|g18.4.1.
       |tDirect Effects --|g18.4.2.|tIndirect Effects --|g18.5.
       |tPolar Bears --|g18.5.1.|tDirect and Indirect Effects --
       |g18.5.2.|tVulnerability and Risk --|g18.6.|tWhales, 
       Dolphins, and Porpoises --|g18.6.1.|tDirect Effects --
       |g18.6.2.|tVulnerability and Risk --|tReferences --|g19.
       |tOil Spill Impact and Recovery of Coastal Marsh 
       Vegetation /|rQianxin Lin --|g19.1.|tIntroduction --
       |g19.2.|tToxicity and Impact as a Function of Oil Type and
       Oil Weathering Degree --|g19.3.|tSensitivity to Oil Varies
       by Plant Species --|g19.4.|tEffects of Oil Exposure Modes 
       on Severity of Oil Impacts --|g19.5.|tEffects of Oil Spill
       Cleanup Procedures on Marsh Recovery --|tReferences --
       |gpt. X|tNATURAL DISPERSION --|g20.|tA Review of Natural 
       Dispersion Models /|rMerv Fingas --|g20.1.|tIntroduction -
       -|g20.2.|tThe Mackay Approach --|g20.3.|tThe Audunson 
       Approach --|g20.4.|tThe Delvigne Approach --|g20.5.
       |tResidence in the Water Column --|g20.6.|tComparison of 
       the Models --|g20.7.|tConclusions --|tReferences --|gpt. 
       XI|tCOLD REGION SPILLS --|g21.|tArctic and Antarctic 
       Spills /|rAndrew G. Klein --|g21.1.|tIntroduction --
       |g21.1.1.|tOccurrences --|g21.1.2.|tScale of the Problem -
       -|g21.1.3.|tEnvironments --|g21.1.4.|tRegulatory Framework
       --|g21.2.|tTerrestrial Spills --|g21.2.1.|tPetroleum 
       Transport and Fate --|g21.2.2.|tMitigation and 
       Countermeasures --|g21.2.3.|tRemediation and Lessons 
       Learned --|g21.3.|tMarine Spills --|g21.3.1.|tPetroleum 
       Transport and Fate --|g21.3.2.|tMitigation and 
       Countermeasures --|g21.3.3.|tRemediation and Lessons 
       Learned --|g21.4.|tPolicy --|tReferences --|gpt. XII|tCASE
       STUDIES --|g22.|tThe Prestige Oil Spill /|rLucia Vinas --
       |g22.1.|tIntroduction --|g22.2.|tThe Ocean and Coastal 
       Dynamics in the NW Iberia and their Influence on the Spill
       --|g22.2.1.|tOceanographic Conditions --|g22.2.2.|tOil 
       Spill Forecasting --|g22.3.|tOil Monitoring and Fate --
       |g22.3.1.|tFuel Oil Composition --|g22.3.2.|tFuel at Sea -
       -|g22.3.3.|tSpatial and Temporal Distribution in Seawater 
       --|g22.3.4.|tContinental Shelf Contamination --|g22.3.5.
       |tAccumulation in Biota --|g22.4.|tThe Assessment of 
       Effects --|g22.4.1.|tBioassays under Laboratory Conditions
       --|g22.4.2.|tField Studies --|g22.5.|tEnvironmental 
       Restoration --|g22.5.1.|tOil Recovery at Sea --|g22.5.2.
       |tCoastal Contamination and Cleanup Efforts --|g22.5.3.
       |tNatural Attenuation Processes --|g22.6.|tConclusion --
       |tReferences --|g23.|tThe Grounding of the Bahia Paraiso, 
       Arthur Harbor, Antarctica: Distribution and Fate of Oil 
       Spill-Related Hydrocarbons /|rAndrew G. Klein --|g23.1.
       |tIntroduction and Background --|g23.2.|tEnvironmental 
       Sampling --|g23.2.1.|tSurface Slicks and Water Column --
       |g23.2.2.|tIntertidal Macroalgae --|g23.2.3.|tIntertidal 
       Beaches --|g23.2.4.|tIntertidal Limpets --|g23.2.5.
       |tSubtidal Sediments --|g23.2.6.|tImpacts on Other 
       Wildlife --|g23.3.|tConclusions --|tReferences --|g24.
       |tTasman Spirit Oil Spill at Karachi Coast, Pakistan /
       |rAlia Bano Munshi --|g24.1.|tIntroduction --|g24.2.
       |tImmediate Response to the Impact: Actions and 
       Remediation --|g24.2.1.|tOil Recovery and Coast Cleaning -
       -|g24.2.2.|tOil Spill Monitoring --|g24.2.3.
       |tSocioeconomic Impact and Damage to Coastal Marine Life 
       Damage --|g24.2.4.|tHuman Health Impacts --|g24.3.|tThe 
       DDWP Project by Ministry of Science and Technology (MoST) 
       --|g24.4.|tHydrodynamics and Meteorological Data --
       |g24.4.1.|tOceanographic Conditions --|g24.4.2.|tThe 
       Assessment of Oil Transport: Numerical Models --|g24.5.
       |tOil Monitoring and Fate --|g24.5.1.|tOil Composition --
       |g24.5.2.|tSpatial and Temporal Distribution in Seawater -
       -|g24.5.3.|tBiota Affected by Oil Pollution --|g24.5.4.
       |tOil Content of Sediment --|g24.6.|tEffects of Oil Impact
       at the Community Level --|g24.6.1.|tThe Effects on the 
       Benthic System --|g24.6.2.|tThe Effects on the Pelagic 
       System --|g24.7.|tBioremediation/Natural Attenuation 
       Processes --|g24.8.|tConclusions --|tReferences --|gpt. 
       XIII|tAPPENDICES --|gAppendix A|tThe Oil Properties Data 
       Appendix /|rBruce P. Hollebone --|gAppendix B|tConversions
       /|rMerv Fingas --|gAppendix C|tIce Nomenclature /|rMerv 
506    Available only to authorized UTEP users. 
588 0  Print version record and CIP data provided by publisher. 
650  0 Oil spills|xPrevention|vHandbooks, manuals, etc. 
650  0 Oil spills|xCleanup|vHandbooks, manuals, etc. 
650  0 Oil spills|xManagement|vHandbooks, manuals, etc. 
655  7 Handbooks and manuals.|2fast|0(OCoLC)fst01423877. 
700 1  Fingas, Mervin F.,|eeditor. 
776 08 |iPrint version:|tHandbook of oil spill science and 
       technology.|dHoboken, New Jersey : John Wiley and Sons, 
       Inc., 2015|w(DLC)  2014022293. 
856 40 |uhttp://0-site.ebrary.com.lib.utep.edu/lib/utep/
       Top?id=11005761|zTo access this resource 
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